Lexicon – English to Rilin

  • a larger, brown and red variety of mushroom pɛqaq
  • a small flat hat that ties under the chin tønɛt
  • a small rodent ʂɯs
  • a small species of tree growing in arid regions ændɛu
  • a small, white variety of mushroom ʂɛli
  • a smile mɪpɯ (n.)
  • a thrush-like bird which is blue-green, considered a symbol of beauty, featured in myth/literature aʃi
  • a type of mammal: smallish, dog-sized, brown in color, herbivore lɛnti
  • a type of snake: small, thin, blue-green, non-vemous, found in gardens nazæ
  • abdicate one's position nɛɾɛkɯ
  • abhorrent, despicable kaita
  • abhorrent, despicable xɔnaɾu
  • ability; potential sɯkʌɾa
  • able sɯkʌ
  • about, pertaining to ʐɛ
  • above (floating over) sa
  • abyss, crack, chasm, rift nut
  • accept, take in iɸua
  • ache, cramp, hurt næʐaqa (v.)
  • achilles tendon alukyla
  • across
  • act in drama mɔqai (v.)
  • action taken for long-term benefit kɾeʌtʌ
  • adam's apple laikaiŋ
  • adapt tɾiɛ
  • add to, increase ɛɾiŋa (v. tr.)
  • addition, increase ɛɾiŋ (n.)
  • administrator, official ætʃukɾela
  • admire omha
  • adoration, devotion, love, dedication mohem
  • affect kɔɾia
  • after (in time) mon
  • again, once more muɸi, mu
  • age tʃujɪ
  • agreeable, suitable, good, appropriate, pleasant bɛɾɛ
  • agreement amongst parties, accord, truce; peace treaty ætʃu
  • aim væky (n.)
  • aim væsʌ (v.)
  • air ɸa
  • alcohol keʂumi
  • algae gʌtɔ
  • alignment nyʐy
  • all xan
  • all the time, every time xazai
  • allow, let, permit ʃutʃa (v. tr.)
  • allure tioseɾa (n.)
  • almond paste miɛlʌmu
  • almost, nearly
  • alphabet ʐoɸabu
  • alveolar ridge joɛkunla
  • amphibian: greenish, wrinkly skin, salamander-like body shape, claws tʃudi
  • amulet, ritualistic object høŋ
  • amused, merry, laughing, cheerful ʐɪʐʌ
  • anal sex egara
  • ancient, very old nalytʃa
  • and a
  • anger, wrath, rage ʐɛqæ
  • anguish uɾun
  • anguish, pain, worry, stress oɾeiʃ
  • animal ʃutɾe
  • animalistic, like an animal ʃutɾese
  • animated, moving, alive; intelligent; sapient kyi
  • ankle alu
  • answer, reponse hisɛ (n.)
  • anus ega
  • anus sit (vg. sl.)
  • anus høsma
  • appeal aʃtado (n.)
  • appendix (organ) lailai
  • apple lɛpɛ
  • applejuice lɛtʃɪ
  • applesauce lɛdaja
  • approach, come closer, near ɾɛtʃɛ
  • apricot tiʔe
  • arid, dry (said of climates) kyp
  • aridity kypat
  • arm
  • armpit gɛnsa
  • around, encircling, surrounding zɪkø
  • arrive kø (v. intr.)
  • arrow itæ
  • arson, illegal burning kaina
  • art of making decorative blankets taikɔn
  • art of physical composition, arranging objects gɪla
  • arts, aesthetic practices mɛŋala
  • as soon as, once vu
  • as...as (equative)
  • ash tøʃ
  • ask for, request nɪsna (v. tr.)
  • associate, partner pæʐɪ
  • at some point, later on, whenever is convenient ʐaiti
  • atmosphere ɸado
  • attach numɛ (v. tr.)
  • attached to emotionally, fond of monuɾi
  • attendant, servant, helper
  • attendant, servant, helper zit
  • attractive, pretty, appealing aʃta
  • aunt (maternal) mɯka
  • aunt (paternal) daiɛ
  • aware cognizant mɛmtɪ
  • aware, cognizant kyʃɸæ
  • axe uxa
  • baby, infant lymi
  • baby, infant nyvi
  • baby, infant pɛɾi
  • back (of torso) ptɛ
  • back (upper pack of torso, around pectoral muscles) dɯsnæ
  • back of nins
  • back of the elbow ønʌ
  • back of the knee niuska
  • back of the neck ninskɛlu
  • background pisɔn
  • backward uŋa
  • bad, troublesome biqʌ
  • bad, troublesome fæs
  • bakset of reeds byʂkaʂa
  • balance mois
  • ban, outlaw nɯʐu
  • banish, exile nɯgʌ (v. tr.)
  • barge subæ
  • barley porridge ɯʂʌ
  • basket byʂ
  • battle gʌɣæ
  • be born ɾaxai
  • be killed butʃio (sl.)
  • be obligated, have to ɸu
  • be remembered positively after death diʃkanʌ (v. intr.)
  • beans toɬu
  • beat, strike datʌ
  • beautiful, exquisitive, lovely (said of people) mɛhɛlɪa
  • because of, due to, on account of ky
  • because, since patɔ
  • bed mas
  • beef ɛʟæn
  • beer gevɪ
  • beetle: large, black (used in cuisine often) boina
  • before, in front of, ahead of (spatially) bɛʃ
  • before, prior to, earlier than (in time) ɛnhak
  • begin laila (v. tr.)
  • beginning lailɛ
  • behind jo
  • believe, think, hold as true sota
  • bells (musical instrument) funa
  • bellybutton ɾas
  • below, under, underneath ʌfa
  • beset, attack myta
  • bet, gamble kokɔnɪ
  • beyond, farther than, exceeding dɛxɛ
  • big, large ka
  • big, large buʐ
  • bind, strap down ksata
  • biological sister dɛlɛ
  • bird fylʌla, fyɸa
  • birth canal naiʐɛmo
  • birth fluids, amniotic fluids ɾaxamuɾa
  • bit, piece tɛtiŋ
  • bitch tʃuʃ (vg. sl.)
  • bite kɾaiŋa (v. tr.)
  • bitter dʌnun
  • black lava
  • black market tɛkeʐanai
  • bladder muɾakɪla
  • blade of a weapon; (metaphorical) tool, device doq
  • bland, flat, boring ɸæ
  • blank; dead; blind; empty
  • blanket, covering; protective shield, barrier ɛʟɛɣø
  • blessed, fortunate adɛki
  • blind aɣu
  • blink ymi (n.)
  • blissful, serene, deeply and peacefully happy mɛsmuɾa
  • blizzard ʐa
  • blood psiɬut
  • blood veins/vessels psikɪli
  • blow dart fys
  • blue kami
  • blunt ʂɛknɛʂ
  • bodice painʌ
  • body fat nɯkei (n.)
  • bone gaɬo
  • bonus, surplus, extra benefit xyfai
  • book
  • boot døna
  • bored, dissatisfied, annoyed bɔnø
  • boring bɔnøse
  • boulder ɸɔq
  • bow (tool/weapon) kotʌŋ
  • boy dijɛ
  • brag, boast, gloat omoka
  • braggart; loud, obnoxious person omokala
  • brain sɛɾu
  • branch (of a tree, etc.) lɔpʂ
  • brass ɪmæ
  • bread pʃoɾa
  • bread crust bɛtʃa
  • breast mæk
  • breast tɛpa (sl.)
  • breast nuli (sl.)
  • breastmilk mækmæ
  • breath wunis
  • breathe wunisa
  • bribery fɛtɛɬa
  • brick red deɾum
  • bridled, caged, trapped, harnessed zɔʃa
  • bright red laʃ
  • bring down, make fall deta
  • bring, make come xalai (v. tr.)
  • broke, poor, scraping by mʌts
  • broth mɪʐʌ
  • brothel; hovel, dump kʌt (sl.)
  • brother (biological) tʃu
  • browbone gaɬotyikɛ
  • brown geis
  • bruise bɛʐulu
  • bruise kamiʂʌ
  • brush ʂo
  • bucket, pail kɾela
  • bud of a flower ynjɪ
  • build tɾofo
  • bullshit oʃoi (vg. sl.)
  • bundle for babies bɛtɯ
  • bureaucracy agintasty
  • burn myɾʌ, mynʌ (v. tr.)
  • burst, explosion kælɔta
  • but gan
  • buttocks næslɛ (sl.)
  • buttocks tʃɯ
  • buttocks xømma (sl.)
  • calculate næma
  • calf (of the leg) unhɛ
  • call qo (v.)
  • call, name joɾɛa (v. tr.)
  • calligraphy renɛs
  • camp; resting place; bed doɣa
  • candidate ʐætʌ
  • candle wax; oiled paper osyin
  • candle; lamp bɪʐaŋ
  • candy iŋo
  • candy iŋæ
  • canine tooth bɛlɛku
  • canoe, small paddled boat nuiʃʌ
  • care, attention, concern pɾɛ
  • caregiver makami
  • carpal tunnel syndrome jɛɾɛ
  • carrot dɪʐɛxɛ
  • cart nebi(n) (n.)
  • cart ɸɪp (n.)
  • cause, reason, origin pat
  • cave aesmeta
  • cavern βasma
  • cellar bɔtɯ
  • center gaim (n.)
  • center of a flower pɪlu
  • century næsizain
  • chalk; calcium tʃintɯ
  • chance, luck itʃa
  • chance, opportunity mɛndɔ
  • chance, opportunity sufu
  • chant bewu (v.)
  • chaos vɛsaɾa
  • chaotic, unpredictable vɛsjɛ
  • charmed, amazed, entranced sisakata
  • chasm tsun
  • cheat, deceive moia
  • cheeck nɯʂɪ
  • chest kys
  • chest, lower neck ʂɪulɛ
  • chew zaɣa
  • chicken fusi
  • childβypo (sl.)
  • child
  • child luɸa
  • child ɾiɛnta
  • childbirth, labor ɾaxa
  • childbirth, labor ɔʃna
  • children’s room in a house jɪʂɪ
  • chin moʃu
  • chip, break off a small flak of qʌina (v.)
  • choice, free will alom
  • choose aloma
  • chop nɪŋy (v.)
  • chronicles, annals of history mulanala
  • chuckle, laugh quietly axɛla (v. intr.)
  • churn, shake; beat nonɔi
  • cirrus cloud ailai
  • city yβæp
  • clarity niɾa
  • clause, sentence okadøpæ
  • claw; nails titʃo
  • clean naɾɪ
  • clear ni
  • clever, quick–thinking, fast, competent bot
  • clitoris tɛmala
  • cloak gɛɣu
  • close nɛʟʌ (v. tr.)
  • close personal discussion ɸoka
  • closet fabinʂ
  • cloth, material tsin
  • clothing faba
  • club dɯok
  • club ɾokala
  • coal kaipɪ
  • coastline, beach, shore olø(m)
  • code of honor between host and guest ʌndɛɾɯ
  • coil foziɾuse
  • cold aes (adj.)
  • cold aesɾa (n.)
  • cold gust of wind; cold winds of winter ɸaes
  • collapse, dissolve, fall to pieces, disintegrate kɾyβa
  • collar bone tʃɪka
  • collect into a pool
  • collect, gather tɾaɣa
  • color ino
  • colored threads used in making decorative blankets muma
  • colorful bird with large beak tekui
  • comb xɛwɪn
  • come lai
  • come, arrive; happen loxa (v. intr.)
  • communicate pʌiɾa
  • communication pʌiɾado
  • community, collective whole of people, system of the group sɛpu
  • companion uka
  • compensate neiʃɛ
  • compete kʌlu
  • competitive kʌluse
  • competitive ɛβas
  • complain, bitch, be irate, moan, grump, gripe gø (sl.)
  • complete, achieve, accomplish piʂo
  • complex, many-faceted; tangled; alive kilɯɛ
  • con artist tɛpʃɪʂʌ
  • cone jokʂ
  • conflict, discord, dissent kæʐɯ
  • confusion, befuddlement, bewilderment, perplexity oitʃɛ
  • connect, link together; relay latʃa (v.)
  • connection, link; relay latʃ (n.)
  • constellation kuala
  • contact; ally vɛka (n.)
  • contemplate, reflect ɔmnɪ
  • contented, satisfied; well salɪs
  • contented; satisfied deɣɛ
  • continue, keep going ɪsse
  • contract; promise, binding oza
  • contradiction; objection pʃɛɬi
  • contrast nyʂoɾɛ (n.)
  • convenient, efficient, easy muɾase
  • cool, slightly cold ɪtsi
  • copper ɾisɛn
  • copy, duplicate muŋʂ
  • core, heart; inner chamber of a house or fortress mu
  • corn bread; a porridge made from maize heʃɛɣɛ
  • corn, maize pɛtʃ
  • corpse, cadaver eʂgø
  • correct; right, true; straight; proper, appropriate ksɔ
  • corset va
  • cot, small portable bed bɛʐu
  • cotton in its natural state fa
  • council, committee tɛxensa
  • cradle, bed; bowl, bowl–shaped object; crater; womb; world; sanctuary olum
  • crater bakɛn
  • crazy, insane vɛs
  • crazy, insane vɛskɛ
  • cream ɸɛ
  • crestfallen, sad, disappointed, downtrodden, low, dejected ɛʃ
  • crime goɣo
  • criminal person goɣum
  • crotch ʐɛkan
  • crouch down deinɯ (v. intr.)
  • crush, smash, break down xaʐɛ
  • cry, weep intensely and miserably lɪlai
  • crystal tʂim
  • cumulus cloud βɛsa
  • cunning ɾa
  • curl, reflexed position xɛŋ
  • current, running, present kikik
  • curry made of potatoes tøto
  • curves of the body, especially female body kɪsɾa
  • custom biʐaɾa
  • cut off the flesh binʃi
  • cut up, chop up bɯɣa
  • cute; little mim
  • cuticle of the fingernail vækʃ
  • cycle (of a wheel/physical thing) biky
  • cycle (of the year/seasons) mems
  • cynical, world-weart, jaded guliomɪna
  • dagger beɣɔ
  • dance byʐo (v.)
  • dance, jig; performance fuɾa
  • dancer byʐola
  • dancer pilɯla
  • dark, shaded kas
  • dart gun fysna
  • daughter umuisʌ
  • day jɛn
  • death lɛmu
  • death day jɛlɛmu
  • debt biʂas
  • deceit moi
  • decide voʂa
  • decision voʂ
  • decorate alui
  • decoration aluiʂʌ
  • decorative gardening æfak
  • decree, announcement xos
  • deed, act, action ʌtʌ
  • deep hun
  • deep sa
  • deep tʃa
  • deer-like animal: small, brown or black, curled sharp horns fɛɾui
  • defeat, overcome takɪ (v.tr.)
  • defend oneself, fight back usɛβɛdia
  • defy køsa
  • delay zaina (v. tr.)
  • delay fɪtoi (n.)
  • delete, eliminate, cancel out, exterminate pɛwɛ
  • delighted, excitedly and exuberantly happy lɛstai
  • demise, death, decay lantɛ
  • depresion, sadness ɛʃɾa
  • depression ɸɛʃ
  • descry inda
  • desire (in general) noiɾa
  • desire, that which is wanted noiky
  • desk qat
  • despair, hopelessness nʌskui
  • destitute; broke; poor jɛqɾa
  • device, tool
  • devotion, loyalty jɛɾoŋ
  • dialect qoʐa
  • die lɛmua/lɛmwa
  • difficult, hard hoɾɛ
  • difficult, hard; annoying, boring gæstɛ
  • dilemma kepʃ
  • dirty; dirty, slovenly, stupid person ɾastɪn
  • disappear de
  • discontent, dissatisfied, restless, frustrated ɯʃtʌ
  • discover, find; know naʃyt
  • discus fowa
  • discussion onaneky
  • disdain uɣa
  • disgusting person bes (vg. sl.)
  • disgusting person besga (vg. sl.)
  • dislike esgʌi (v. tr.)
  • disloyal, treacherous ɛlaʔas
  • dispute nɛsqɔ (v. tr.)
  • disseminate, sprinkle, disperse ʃɪli
  • disturb, bother tʃyejʌ
  • do, act
  • doctor, healer peŋmoisla
  • doll, statue; likeness sɛmum
  • dome ɾiŋa
  • dominant xɔɾu
  • donkey tsɛbɯ
  • doubt, worry, angst, stress tæŋs
  • dough uga
  • drain βunai (n.)
  • draw kiʐɪ (v.)
  • drawing kiʐɪky (n.)
  • dream, illusion ɔnjæ
  • dried flower petals and other herbs nika
  • dried shrimp, often eaten with spices ʃɛt
  • drip mui (v. intr.)
  • drum gon
  • drunk dɛʐæ (sl.)
  • drunk kɛʃnɔtæ
  • drunkenness dɛʐæɾa (sl.)
  • drunkenness kɛʃnɔtæɾa
  • drunkenness tɛnɛpita
  • dry zɛʂ
  • dry up kuɾʌ
  • dry up, waste away, shrivel up zɛʂa
  • duckling
  • during ka
  • duty, obligation bɪmu
  • ear sin
  • ear voha
  • ear cavity luosin
  • ear ridge ømʌiøsin
  • earlobe βøsin
  • early daŋnɯ
  • easy nɪsto
  • easy, “no problem” jɛntɔi
  • eat bɛsu
  • economy, trade system fifɛkeʐa
  • ecstatic, overjoyed, in rapture, elated dizaika
  • edible root yizɔ
  • eel
  • eel oŋyʂ
  • effect kɔɾi
  • effective, efficacious kɔɾiase
  • effective, working, functional gadase
  • effort, striving, attempt joʃʌzu
  • egg ʌtʌ
  • egg ʌŋɾa
  • eight ɾɔ
  • eighth ɾɔnu
  • elbow wintɾa
  • election tʂʌɬʌ
  • electricity kaiomɪnadɔ
  • elitism sotoloɾa
  • embarassment nɛdɛʃ
  • embed, implant bæna (v. tr.)
  • emotional emptiness dɪɾa
  • emotionally sensitive tɯtai
  • empathy daɣɯɾa
  • emphasizer for all kinds of words, a kind of intensifier na
  • employment, job uɾɛ
  • empty political rhetoric julabɛtʃa
  • enchanted, amazed, stupefied tatan
  • end, goal; destination dy
  • endurance, survival keŋɛt
  • energy βa
  • engaged, interested; held in rapture ʃuʃu
  • engineer, design, plan mʌiki (v.)
  • enough hyzʌ
  • enough os
  • enraptured, amazed, impassioned, overwhelmed with awe naɬadu
  • ensure etme
  • enter, come in laise
  • entertain, amuse dɛlo
  • enthusiasm, zeal, passion, fervour; delight, elation ɛhui
  • enthusiastic atexɔ
  • entity, being vi
  • entrails, viscera, intestines, guts βɛɣɛwa
  • equip kaʐai (v.)
  • escort; chaperone sus
  • esophagus ɯŋgɛ
  • estimate dɛɾɪ
  • eventually ɛɾui
  • every
  • everyday xajɛn
  • everyday xano
  • everyone, everybody xala
  • everything xaba
  • everywhere xanai
  • everywhere xaɬø
  • evil intent, ill-will, malice, wickedness, the desire to upset happiness or harmony geʂɯ
  • except (for), not including, save for le
  • exhale bøwunisa
  • exodus ɛssan
  • expect, anticipate tʃoia
  • expedition, trip, mission hɔkɔi
  • expel, throw out ʐi (v. tr.)
  • explain iɬa
  • explode, blow up kælɔ (v. intr.)
  • explode, blow up nazɛɾa (v. intr.)
  • export, take out ozaiɛ
  • expression tʃæni
  • external female genitalia, collectively nɛtɬa
  • extinguish, go out lɛ (v. intr.)
  • extreme hiɾat
  • eye im
  • eyebrow ityikɛ
  • eyelash imo
  • eyelid ilɛɸʌ
  • face ta
  • fact, truth of reality or logic, dofɪ
  • faction, party, group of people sharing a philosophy/interest/pursuit eβaka
  • fall kɾyhʌ
  • fallopian tube fɪlua
  • false, fake vɪs
  • familial relatives; group of close relations or friends oɾaipa
  • family, bloodline, heritage, lineage maɣæ
  • famine æquɾɪn
  • farewell, goodbye damaiɣat
  • fascinated, interested oʟai
  • fashion, style; sort, kind, type modais
  • fast psøtaʂ
  • fat nɯʃnʌ (adj.)
  • father ba
  • fave
  • fear, dread, foreboding ɛɸæn
  • fear, fright ɬɛs
  • feather ɸyi
  • feed miʃɪ (v. tr.)
  • feed; support, help; endorse; show interest in aʃo (sl.)
  • feel (+ adj.) (emotionally) sama
  • feel (+ adj.) (physically) tɛma
  • feel (physically), touch; caress niʐi (v. tr.)
  • feel uncertain, be doubtful jʌi
  • feeling, emotion sazæ
  • female cousin koin
  • female model of a painter/sculpter sɛmulø
  • fetus jɪdɛlu
  • few em (prn./adj.)
  • fifth gɪnu
  • fight ʃi (v. tr.)
  • fill kanʌ (v. tr.)
  • fin (of a fish, etc.) lɪu
  • fine, lovely, graceful nɛs
  • finger qafɛ
  • fingernail qafim
  • finish, complete ɔnja
  • fire kai
  • fireplace, hearth haqaɛ
  • first banu
  • fish pæk (n.)
  • fish for, look for tʃoi
  • fishing boat pelaxi
  • fist hon
  • fix, mend, reassemble, put back together pexø
  • flake, chip qʌin
  • flat ʌʃ
  • flatten ʌʃme
  • flautist hilɯla
  • flesh, meat bɛlæ
  • flood loi
  • flop down psʌ (v. intr.)
  • flower; lover nuɸi
  • fluff, cottony material pʃøɸuga
  • flute hilɯ
  • fly fylʌ (v. intr.)
  • focus, concentrate imwa
  • follow sɪlo
  • food ɾuʃ
  • foot bun
  • for a long time kɾøʃo (adv.)
  • for, for the benefit of, intended for ʃit
  • force hɔʃi (v.)
  • forehead kasai
  • forest, woods suilɛ
  • forever, always xazai
  • fork kaiβæ
  • form, shape, appearance tu
  • former laikɪn
  • fort huʃ
  • fortress dɪnɛ
  • forward ɯku
  • four du
  • fourth dunu
  • fraction, part døp
  • fracture, break, tear qɛɾa (v.)
  • fragrance, scent pɾilɛ
  • free mai
  • fresh, clean lɛs
  • fresh, clean tʃu
  • friend mekoi
  • frighten, cause to feel fear heo (v. tr.)
  • frightening, scary heose
  • frightening, scary; overwhelming qɛsny
  • frock worn during rituals beʐ
  • from, away from ɾo
  • fruit zijɛ
  • fruit; nut nu
  • fuck you (literally 'you're a rodent's anus') (from 'sit ʂɯsmu li') sit (vg. sl.)
  • fucking nuts, batshit insane bʌq (vg. sl.)
  • fucking, sex sædo (vg. sl.)
  • full kanʌi
  • function, work fifɛ (v. intr.)
  • funny, odd gaɾoiʃ
  • fur of an animal dɛgɯ
  • furious, enraged, livid (with anger) qɛɾata
  • gall bladder nɯsʌ
  • gamble tɪmʌ (v. intr.)
  • gambler kokɔnɪla
  • game mɪlu
  • garters worn just above the knee læɬi
  • gate fakɾe
  • gateway; doorway; threshold hakɯ
  • gathering of relatives ʐiqæ
  • generate, conjure up hape
  • genitalia zaili
  • get married to, wed sijɛ (v. tr.)
  • ghastly, lugubrious, gloomy lɛɣɯa
  • girl mi
  • girl, young woman ʂiva
  • give ga
  • give gada
  • give nɛɾɛ
  • give birth, have a baby xaɾaxai
  • glade ʃiɯ
  • glassblowing vɛpa
  • glimmer, scintillate koɾu (v. intr.)
  • glitch, error, problem, fluke ʂys
  • globe, sphere, ball voi
  • gloom, murk, darkness ɬɯŋ
  • go away, go out, leave zaita (v. intr.)
  • go back azai
  • go, move zai
  • goat niŋyʂi
  • goat milk ʐɪni
  • god sʌxɛnʌ
  • goddamnitǃ, shitǃ ɾækæ
  • goddess lisɛt
  • goddess ɛlisɛt
  • gold alusa
  • good fortune benefit, good thing, advantage fifai
  • good, cool, nice, fun uɛki
  • goodbye tʃata
  • goose muxu
  • gore mɔɸæ
  • gosling mumu
  • government mɛʃli
  • grab, take nakɛ
  • grain mash tyis
  • grandfather (maternal) dao
  • grandfather (paternal) oʂi
  • grandmother (maternal) mao
  • grandmother (paternal) omi
  • great, grand maɾa
  • green fruit with flakey skin lɛɬɛ
  • greetings, hello (more formal than aɾa) mæzun
  • grey li
  • grief, mourning, bereavement ɬɪzai
  • griffin ɛsu
  • ground bæn
  • groundnuts tʂɪso
  • group ɾøt
  • group, association, society, party iʃikæn
  • grow (v. intr.) iɾæja
  • grow up eɣu
  • gruel ʐiʐɛqa
  • guard, protect bɛʐu
  • guard, watch over tæsɪ
  • guardian, protector bɛʐula
  • guest ɾɯ
  • guestroom mitʃan
  • guiltiness sou
  • guilty so
  • guilty, condemnable nase
  • gums of the mouth næsu
  • habit, tendency ɔndɔ
  • hair (in general) bɪns
  • hair (single strand) kulɪs
  • hair of the head as single entity imoka
  • hairbrush imoʂo
  • half wan (n.)
  • hallway iʟæ
  • hammer amaxʌ
  • hammer dodʌ
  • hand lɛka
  • hand (shortening from lɛka)
  • hand; forearm ke
  • hang suspended, be suspended tɛʃɛ (v. intr.)
  • happen, occur vɛga
  • happiness, elation, joy dalana
  • happy, joyful, cheerful mulima
  • hard alcohol koxa
  • hard palate of the mouth ʌʃaʂɛk
  • hard, solid ʂɛk
  • harvest bɛɾɪsaman (n.)
  • have sex gɔqa
  • have sex nɛslɪ
  • have sex ɛmɛ
  • have sex ɪnoɾa (sl.)
  • have sex ɾugæ (sl.)
  • have sex sæ (vg. sl.)
  • head ka
  • head scarf gɛspɛ
  • hear vo (v. tr.)
  • heat ɾedo
  • heavy ʃe
  • height iskɛdo
  • heir(ess) løɛla
  • help out, see through, support, encourage, help muli (sl., v. tr.)
  • help, aid mulabe (v. tr.)
  • help, aid mulaɾa (n.)
  • help, aid (shortening of mulabe) mula (v. tr)
  • helpful mulaxɔ
  • helpful, conductive to success mulabɛɾɛ
  • here sen
  • hermit poʃɛla
  • hey! oɾʌǃ
  • hey, hello, hi, what’s up? aɾa
  • heyǃ oɾaiǃ
  • hide poky (v. intr.)
  • high aʃɛ
  • hilarity, comic quality, funniness lalatʌ
  • hill kulos
  • hip juzɪm
  • hire vola (v. tr.)
  • hobby, passion, interest, pursuit onæs
  • hold, embrace; help, aid bi
  • hold; contain wɛsa
  • hole luo
  • home; locus of control or origin dɛpɛ
  • honor, truthfulness tɛnat
  • hope, belief in the future; forward-looking mindset ilaja
  • horizon; poverty of emotion esta
  • horn (of an animal) ɛxɯnʌ
  • host ʌndɛ
  • host, hostess; server, attendant domæ
  • hot ɾe
  • hotel, inn kaipexø
  • hour zaiβy
  • house, dwelling meta
  • hover ʐɔsy
  • how (what attributes) xʌs
  • how (what way/manner) koi
  • how many? baʃyt?
  • huge, enormous bæwu
  • hull, husk, shell (of seed, etc.) ɸonu
  • hunt for animals/game sɪʃu
  • hurt, wound, injure ptɔ
  • husk corn ɸebʌ
  • hut muɾum
  • hymn, religious song bewæ
  • ice møskɛ
  • idea, belief, philosophical school; way of life ot
  • if ne
  • illness ʐyŋ
  • illusion, dream–like state, hallucination; acid trip miʃ
  • imagine, envision ɔnje
  • immediately, right away zatui
  • import, bring in olaiɛ
  • in love anase
  • in love numula
  • in, at (static location) o
  • in, at (used in non–physical contexts); during ka
  • incapable; impotent; immobalized, hindered xastɯ
  • incense βɛɾɛ
  • incense holder βɛɾɛon
  • incensed, inflamed, fiery–tongued tyŋɛk
  • incisor tooth xusɛku
  • income, revenue, profit, gain ikalai
  • independent, free–thinking psuka
  • index finger bala
  • indistinct
  • inferior nɛʟai
  • inferior, lesser ɛs
  • inhale owunisa
  • inherit løɛ
  • injure, wound, hurt dɪqa
  • injury, wound dɪq
  • ink zaky
  • ink brush tiʂo
  • ink pot zazɛm
  • inner thigh mutɛma
  • insanity, madness; criminal insanity vɛskɛsa
  • insect iʔa
  • insecurity, hang-up sazæwɛ
  • inside nu
  • insincere agreement, a reluctant truce in which one or more party does not sincerely want to make a truce lɔpʂ qɛɾase
  • instance of aid/help mulaky
  • instance of thinking, individual thought sɛmɾa
  • insult, offend qɛɾoka (v. tr.)
  • intend, mean ko
  • intensifier for adjectives/verbs/nouns oʃoi (vg. sl.)
  • intensifier/emphasizing particle which follows words na
  • internal conflict of thought or emotion mɛtmæ
  • interrogative particle
  • intoxicated, drunk tɛnɛpit
  • intrigued, fascinated, interested tsinæ
  • introspection, reflection, meditation; following wisdom pei
  • intuition modɯn
  • irritate, aggravate, make worse tɛnɛpɾɛa (v. tr.)
  • irritation, pissed–offedness, exasperation, annoyance ʐiʔæ
  • jab pfai
  • jacket dæʂu
  • jade green vatoi
  • jaw zaɣɛn
  • jealous
  • jewels and beads used in making decorative blankets visɛ
  • join, enlist, enroll kosoi
  • journey, trip, voyage niŋgi
  • journey, trip, voyage nɛzɛlu
  • jugular vein/area on the neck muʐo
  • justice; rightness; order hozei
  • justification, rationalization, reason
  • keep, retain kɾe
  • keep, retain o
  • kidney bɪzanʌ
  • kill zansa (v. tr.)
  • kind, type, sort xʌtmæ
  • kiss sɛɬumɛ (v. tr.)
  • kiss ʃuta (n.)
  • kitchen mɛɾiona
  • knee nɛk
  • kneecap nɛkka
  • knife
  • know goma
  • know of; be familiar with ja
  • knuckle mɪtʂ
  • lace byja (n.)
  • lace up lyjai
  • lack, be without ʃana
  • lamps or candles used during ritual guɾɛʃ
  • lance vozɪ
  • land that is owned, property men
  • language psinim
  • large intestine gɛnhu
  • large, big; powerful buʐ
  • late
  • later dæp
  • laugh hɛʂa (v.)
  • laugh; the sound of bells lalai (n.)
  • law, regulation mɛʃ
  • laws of social conduct, ethics, morality diʐoŋa
  • lead, direct, manage sɛlu (v. tr.)
  • leaf nys
  • learn, find out, gain knowledge nijisɾa
  • leather lace/thong for binding ksatala
  • leave, abandon xazaita (v. tr.)
  • ledge, edge; boundaries ømʌiø
  • left (direction)
  • leg du
  • legal, relating to the law mɛʃlai
  • leggings duʐa
  • lemon bem
  • lemonade; lemon juice bemʐa
  • lentil soup ɾæɾæ
  • letter (of the alphabet) βybu
  • letter, epistle, written correspondance tɾabuin
  • lettuce
  • level–headed, rational, reasonable; lucid, sane tɛvɛn
  • liberty to own property genalu
  • lie down mæle (v. intr.)
  • lie, tell a known falsehood hɪstɯnʌ
  • life kyila
  • light ve
  • lighten, ease the burden of someone; put at ease, comfort; reassure tʃaisa
  • like, as
  • limp pɾy
  • line lo
  • linear los
  • lip ɛɾeba
  • liquid, fluid luis (n.)
  • listen to; catch, intercept ɬɛstɪ (v. tr.)
  • listlessness, lethargy; boredom, ennui, the doldrums bolom
  • little/pinky finger βyni
  • live as a hermit; be in absolute extended solitude poʃe
  • live with, cohabitate with metuwa
  • live, be alive kyilai (v. intr.)
  • lively song dɛsuka
  • lively, vivacious, energetic daʃai
  • liver pɔnæ
  • living, alive kyilaxɔ
  • loan zula (v.)
  • log atʃʌ
  • logic, reason kɾita
  • logical, rational kɾitaxɔ
  • long (spacially) zu
  • long (time) kɾø
  • look i
  • lose ɬønʌ (v. tr.)
  • lounge bɪnu (v. intr.)
  • lounge bɪnunai (n.)
  • love (intensely but platonically) ɛmja (v.)
  • love a non–animate thing/idea/object/place, etc. onæ (v.)
  • love affair lɔditym
  • love romantically ana (v.)
  • lover anala
  • lover anla
  • lover numulala
  • lover sylaixʌ
  • lover (shortening from numulala) nula
  • lover, spouse, partner atsɪu
  • lover, sweetheart muɸi (sl.)
  • low paŋ
  • lower nus
  • lowest position possible bɛsixe
  • lucky, fortunate; happy koda
  • lullaby biʂua
  • machete aʟu
  • mad, angry, pissed off tʃai (sl.)
  • maintain (an arugment/opinion, etc.), uphold, support mokyŋa
  • make mushy, squash tʃɪmɬa
  • make, create ksɛ
  • male cousin dɛnɛsɪ
  • male model of a painter/sculpter sɛmuxa
  • malice fæŋɾa
  • man of high importance lutɾɛ
  • man, adult male person xɛs
  • manifest, be realized, be made clear or real seʂa
  • many ʃyta
  • marble; stone; white stone tsɛpɛɾɛ
  • mark, scratch; sign, symbol has
  • market keʐanai
  • marriage sijɛdo
  • mash, mush, goo, squishy stuff tʃɪmɬʌ
  • mask vɪlu
  • mass, tangle of fiber ɾøtfa
  • massacre xɛxɛɾu
  • mat of reeds or bark mohi
  • maternal uncle to
  • mathematics ʃydɛt
  • mawkish, saccharine, silly døxɪn
  • maximum nadui
  • mean, wicked, malicious fæŋ
  • meaning, sense, significance aima
  • meditation laha
  • meet, touch, join, come together with uwa
  • melancholy, bittersweet emotion; depression, sorrow; doubt myisa
  • meloiky relationship, rapport; alliance
  • melon kalɛ
  • melt–water, dripping of melting ice in spring nænømu
  • member, part, section; area, region moiʂ
  • memory; intuition tiɣa
  • menstrual blood ʂei
  • menstrual cramps ʂeinæʂ
  • menstrual period ʂeido
  • mental paralysis, mental block, condition of being mentally “stuck” mulykyilɛ
  • metal ʐɛk
  • metalwork qiu
  • middle finger hiɬa
  • middle finger itæla
  • middleman lonatɾola
  • milk mæta
  • millennium hɛma
  • mind gom
  • mind kyilɛ
  • mine (for extracting minerals from the earth) øwaxa
  • minute, moment tsam
  • miss, fall short of, fail to attain/hit bɛa
  • mission, goal lɛɾuŋ
  • mist lufʌ
  • mistake xolaqe
  • mix ʃʌɸa (v. tr.)
  • mix of spices tsatsa
  • mix together, stir up; bring together tʌsɔ
  • mixed ʃʌɸæ
  • mixture ʃʌɸe
  • molar xaʐɛku
  • money, cash ika
  • month dexʌ
  • moon zui
  • moreover, in fact dɛɾa
  • morning byno
  • moss hɯxɛ
  • most beŋ
  • mother ma
  • motivation, incentive dibai
  • mountain ʃogʌ
  • mouth puʐi
  • move, make move, replace, put somewhere else gɪzwo
  • movement, action zaiɾa
  • muddy, dirty kʃaɬa
  • mumble, murmur vonɪ (v.)
  • music ʂʌli
  • musical instrument omaŋ
  • must, should (probability) pʃy
  • mutilate, torture pʃæ
  • mutual understanding diʐa
  • mythology ɾøli
  • nail (pointy fastener) zuŋʌ
  • naked nyn
  • narrow ifa
  • nation, country tas
  • near, close to mu
  • necessity, something that must exist or is inevitable ʐoɸasen
  • neck kɛlu
  • neck band ɛʟɛkɛ
  • nectar, fruit juice ʂɪʃu
  • need jo (v. tr.)
  • needle ɸo
  • negligent/apathetic mother mapfo
  • neighbor qawyn
  • nest mɔifyse
  • neurotic, overemotional, crazed, agitated, upset muɾadɛlaise
  • new βø
  • newborn hyn
  • night bænkas
  • nine zɪsa
  • ninth zɪsanu
  • nipple laik
  • no laka
  • no (emphatic, formal) iʟɛ
  • no (shortening from laka) la
  • noise, an irritating sound ɬɔʟɛ
  • noodles buteʂ
  • nose eva
  • nostril luova
  • not (clausal negation)
  • not (individual negation) ga
  • not yet nɪsʌ
  • notable dʌlai
  • notice, pay attention tɔɾɔ
  • number ʃyt
  • nursemaid møpa
  • oasis melak
  • occasion, time fɛt
  • ocean, sea olon
  • ode; lament; story, fable; epic nakɾista
  • offer tɛlɛ (v. tr.)
  • offer, present zei (v. tr.)
  • office qatnai
  • oh no... gʌtzʌǃ
  • oh shitǃ mynʌŋ
  • oil ʌŋ
  • oil ʌn
  • oil for burning mynʌŋ
  • oil vase dɪɾʌn
  • okay, not bad, acceptable usɛ
  • old deŋy
  • old woman uʟa
  • olive/yellowish green ɬutʌi
  • on (resting on physically) ne
  • one ba
  • ooth, take away pain or tension sole
  • open zæʐɛ (v. tr.)
  • or, either ek
  • oral sex niuɾa
  • order, structure; justice aginta
  • other dɛβø
  • outside
  • ovaries vizaila
  • overwhelming feeling or passion (a mix positive/negative or unknown) lojuŋa
  • own, possess; control yni
  • oyster mabai
  • pack, bundle mytak
  • page; paper bønui
  • pain, physical hurting aistɛ
  • paint pilɯ (v.)
  • palace ʐɛnilɯ
  • pale grey like a dead person fytfot
  • pale stripe down the spine of all Rili pfokala
  • pale/mint green si
  • pan
  • pancreas æʂna
  • paper hoɛ
  • parallel, analogy nyʂ
  • part, separate, divide, break off; separate wheat from chaff døpa
  • particle artible, “some” vy, vyn
  • particle, small piece of a whole døβy
  • party, festival ʐiqæ
  • pass through dasɛ (v. intr.)
  • pass through, pass by vuʟɛ (v. intr.)
  • passionately melancholy pæʃ
  • past (time) nis
  • paternal uncle ʐɛŋæ
  • pathway; hallway naiʐɛ
  • pattern sɪloky
  • pawn; unimportant person bit
  • pay for gapa (v. tr.)
  • peace diʃ
  • peach dɪs
  • pearl ʃiʃe
  • peas maimai
  • pectoral muscles biɾæzæ
  • pelt of an animal fyɾʌ
  • pelvis aŋaik
  • penis balaɾe (sl.)
  • penis døʃʌ (vg. sl.)
  • penis gala
  • penis nɛɾɛla
  • penis sɪkenɾa (sl.)
  • people, populace, group soŋe
  • pepper piwæ
  • perfect, prepare, nurture fyɬi (v. tr.)
  • perform a ritual tʌʃana
  • perform gymnastics døɣɛ
  • perfume ea
  • perilous, dangerous, risky gagɪm
  • permanent vɛɾi
  • persimmon pɛpoɾu
  • person la
  • perspective iɾa
  • pestle tʃuɣɛ
  • pestle tɾoku
  • petal ʃa
  • phobia nutɛɸæn
  • pierce, stab through, puncture, penetrate myŋo
  • pig uq
  • piglet uqa
  • pillow, cushion gɛʂ
  • pine tree kɔnu
  • pinfeather of a goose møn
  • pink naipæ
  • pinkish red ɪkæma
  • pipe ʃium
  • pitiful, poor naisɪ
  • placenta ɾuʃdo
  • plan, idea iha
  • plant peŋ
  • plaque, plate, flat surface ʌʃa
  • play (a musical instrument) ʂitɛ (v.)
  • plea, beg nahei
  • pleading; seeking, searching amatʃɯxo
  • pleasure (emotional or intellectual) nuɾado
  • pleasure (physical) mɛsmu
  • plot, scheme, plan age (v.)
  • plow ʂøvy (v.)
  • plum mitæ
  • plunder, steal, raid xaʃβø
  • point, place; position; pose of the body or figure kɾɛn
  • pole, post moʟʌ
  • political or social dissent døpoka
  • politics; games mɪluæ
  • poor, impoverished mutæ
  • porcelain naʃit
  • pork moq
  • port, dock xodin
  • possible izna
  • post, position, job, assigned work dɛzɛnoxɛ
  • pot tɛpa
  • potato
  • potato cakes peloa
  • power, strength, control; ability ɬynti
  • practice of medicine peŋmoisɾa
  • practice, discipline, study, art hoʃa
  • prayer said over incense in ritual tɛm
  • precious, priceless vin
  • precipice øɸæse
  • precisely, exactly oʐɪ
  • pregnancy fifɛkanʌi
  • pregnant kanʌinuse
  • pretend okta (v. intr.)
  • pretty ɾisa
  • pretty, attractive intsa
  • primal yearning dɛna
  • prison, jail suilɛda
  • prisoner ksatæja
  • prize apan
  • probable bɛsxɪ
  • problem, challenge, difficulty puŋiqy
  • profession pʃɪʂʌ
  • profound feeling of loathing kazɛxʌ
  • project, plan, undertaking noʂ
  • project, throw up/out, send out across pʂaʃɛ
  • prostitute bezap
  • prostitute za
  • prostitute (male, usually) betona
  • proud, confident, assured; motivated, grounded, secure busi
  • proximity mudo
  • public building qakanai
  • pull ti
  • punctual, on time; fast vym
  • purple aipin
  • purpose inɸa
  • push
  • quarrel, verbal fight buky
  • question tɪʂu (n.)
  • queue, line of people lomi
  • quick fip
  • quiet myiti
  • quite, enough, somewhat dai
  • race, ethnic group, people fɪtɯ
  • rage (extreme and uncontrollable) gæʐɯa
  • railing agu
  • rain dɛlai
  • raise haɾɛ
  • random, haphazard bɛsɪse
  • range kohei
  • rant, fit, outburst gøky
  • rape gajaxɔ (n.)
  • raw, fresh; sore; bloody gɛluʃ
  • real tsy
  • really? mo?
  • reanalysis, remaking, redesignation muksɛ
  • reason with, work out logically; debate, argue kɾitai
  • reasonable, sensible, wise gomi
  • recent kɔn
  • recently, lately kɔnʃo
  • recline, lie down niu
  • recover, heal, get better bɛptɔa
  • reeds, grasses ɪβʌʃa
  • reflect objectively, separate from one's thoughts in order to gain a more objective perspective olobuina
  • reflection, introspection; prudence, wisdom mæʃ
  • refuge tʃaɾʌ
  • reinstate, restore, put back kaiʔy
  • relaxed, calm; easy–going; reasonable, rational nɛlaimu
  • release, let go; provide with privileges; act leniently toward kɾyhʌlɛ
  • remorse, regret ʂynis
  • rendered fat mukø
  • renounce, reject, refuse, give up, abandon xazaɾyxia
  • repeat mutʌ
  • resignation, acceptance tusunæ
  • resources, means, wherewithal ikala
  • respond, answer hisɛa
  • rest, recuperate hɛsɪa
  • return, come back alai
  • revolution næliuta
  • reward lesa
  • rib cage næʃkɯn
  • ribbon tyikɛ
  • rice bewɛ
  • riddle; paradox ʐɪɬøkɯna
  • right (direction)
  • right choice, correct way naʃɪ
  • rip apart døɣu
  • rise haɾa
  • ritual tʌfa
  • river lusnæ
  • road ksuʐa
  • roast pepper ɬɯxø
  • roasted termites niʟɛ
  • robe mɔsɛ
  • rock, pebble da
  • rock, topple pʃa
  • rodent ɔni
  • romance, romantic feelings, feelings of love ɬamɔi
  • room, chamber ʂɪ
  • root; origine, source; (poetic) fingers hɪŋu
  • rope aɣʌβa
  • rotate biha
  • row, line me
  • ruin, mess up; break off, discontinue (a relationship, etc.); become estranged sɛsna
  • rule against; denounce pɔʂdø
  • run kʌli (v. intr.)
  • rust zaɾyxi (n.)
  • rusty zaɾyse
  • sack, bag bɯs
  • sacrifice dagoɾa (n.)
  • sadness, unhappiness ɛβokʌ
  • safe, secure, sound ɬo
  • saliva fʌʂ
  • saliva gland næteifʌʂ
  • same dɯk
  • same ɬanɪ
  • sarcasm, caustic wit; a thorn bush naŋaiʐa
  • sarong pyʂɪŋ
  • sauce daja
  • savory mulɪn
  • scalp kamɛlan
  • scan, check, inspect ɾɯnmʌ
  • scarf æuhɛxø
  • scrambled, distorted, mixed up, messed up tuvesaɾai
  • scratch; destroy iŋɯ (v.)
  • scream, screech kahai
  • scribble (write) ki
  • sculpt ʌnɛsɛ
  • scum, dirt, crud, muck quʂ
  • seal zy (v. tr.)
  • seam, closure nyit
  • seashell ʃuʃe
  • secluded place; womb; tomb ʃatʌ
  • secluded, hidden hitoi
  • second kinu
  • second cousin ʃumi
  • secret, mystery dɯmexɛ
  • seduce, lead away; distract ʃiumoa
  • seething, brooding gøm
  • seize or capture illegally, take away from abruptly (causing distress), wrech away moʟaistaɾai
  • self si
  • self–confidence, self–assertion; willpower bim
  • semen lymuɾa
  • sensitive elɛtɛk
  • sensual, sensuous, relating to the senses tɛmase
  • sensuous, relating to the senses niʐise
  • separate, divide, cut in two kaiβa
  • servant kaqut
  • serve katɾe
  • seven
  • seventh nænu
  • sew nyi
  • sex ɪmodo
  • sex, love-making (some kind of intense emotion is implied with this term) pæʐa
  • sexual intercourse gɔnɪ
  • sexual intercourse wyky
  • sexual intercourse ɾugæɾa (sl.)
  • shaft, pole nɛans
  • shaft; penis nuʂ
  • shame na
  • share, deal out dijui
  • shawl, drape tsæu
  • sheet, cover; layer; film; blanket; leaf lɛɸʌ
  • shelf; stage muʂ
  • shield bisɯ (n.)
  • shin ilet
  • shine, sparkle tsiala (v.)
  • ship taʃɛ (n.)
  • shirt
  • shitty little place/dwelling, shithole, dump kʌqɛ (vg. sl.)
  • shitty, bad (literally 'clothed in shit' or 'shit clothes') xɯn faban (vg. sl.)
  • shoe buna
  • shoe, slipper gana
  • shoot down puʂɛ
  • short (in height) ɬænti
  • short (in length) wɛs
  • short skirt mytɯ
  • shortage ʃanka
  • should, must, ought to (obligation); owe pta
  • shoulder ulo
  • shout, call, cry moky (n.)
  • show, display; present, introduce; spread out iβa
  • sibling; a very close friend moa
  • sick, ill, unwell ʐyse/zyŋse
  • sickle; shape of the moon; the moon zaŋa
  • sides of the Rilin neck, which are very sensitive to pleasure and pain mɛsli
  • sight, vision, view ido
  • sight, vision, view iɾa
  • silence, make silent, shut up, quiet down, make be quiet apa (v. tr.)
  • silenced, shut up, quieted apæ
  • silent daskɛ
  • silent æska
  • silent ap
  • silk my
  • silly, ridiculous, absurd, weird æstɯ
  • silver limui
  • similar sɛmi
  • simple, straightforward, uncomplicated zynæ
  • simulate sɛmuma (v. tr.)
  • sin, corruption, crime, wrongdoing; big, stupid mistake βɛdi
  • sing æjaʃa
  • singer æjaʃala
  • sip, drink
  • sitting room monmon (sl.)
  • situation, circumstances maidai
  • six ta
  • sixth tanu
  • skeptical, discerning; careful tisunga
  • skin mɛlan
  • skinny, emaciated mɛlɔ
  • skip, jump, hop nimba
  • skirmish, brawl kuikæ
  • skirt wɛɾo
  • skull gaɬoka
  • sky omɪna
  • slap, whack, beat paka
  • slave gatøm
  • slave, indentured servant maiʃ
  • sleep bɛlu (v.)
  • sleepy, drowsy bɛlui
  • sleeve bøn
  • slender, gracile kɪs
  • slice up, cut into pieces xuso
  • slice, cut tɛa
  • slide, slip bɪo
  • slipper bɛno
  • slow, gentle, soft tuɾɛ
  • small βy
  • small flower of any kind mɛa
  • small intestine ɾehæve
  • small of the back naɣæms
  • smell møxø (v.)
  • smile brightly and warmly suma (v.)
  • smile playfully myɾi (v.)
  • smooth myi
  • snake ziɾu
  • snake meat beʂ
  • snarl mæ (v.)
  • snippers, scissors teika
  • snug, tight; cozy neits
  • soap naɾɪsi
  • social gathering, usually of good friends hontæ
  • social philosophy, “creed”, lifestyle bai
  • social transgression, spiritual/philosophical crime zinuʃ
  • sock nanme
  • soft øʂa
  • soft material, cotton, flax, etc. køʃʌ
  • solve, figure out oly
  • some, a few, a portion of ɸi
  • somebody, someone dɛla
  • somewhere dɛlai
  • somewhere dɛɬø
  • son mævʌ
  • song æja
  • soon dɔq
  • sorrow la
  • sorrow ʂy
  • soul ɔma
  • sound bu (n.)
  • sound of rain (on a roof, etc.) tsɪtsai
  • sound, noise xais
  • sound, well mʌu
  • soup tsalui
  • soup of vegetable stock and spices ʃɪʐʌ
  • sour naiŋ
  • source, origin; spring; parents nætei
  • space, empty area oʃnɛ
  • spear tyso
  • special, unique; strange, unusual tɾɛsna
  • specific, particular; unique, special dazʌxɛ
  • spice ʐika
  • spicy ʐikai
  • spike, point ɛʔim (n.)
  • spin fɛluia (v. intr.)
  • spine aɣʌkyilɛ
  • spiral
  • spite, resentment; envy mɪsa
  • spite, resentment; envy mɪsa
  • splash dɛʐɔ (v. intr.)
  • split, separate, divide, cleave qaɾa
  • spouse sijɛla
  • spouse utʌs
  • spring wind ɸa
  • spy ihitoia (v. intr.)
  • spy ihitoila (n.)
  • squash (vegetable) kuʃtʌ
  • squeal tsiu (v. intr.)
  • squeeze someone's breast ʃeatɛpa
  • stability ɸiti
  • stable naŋlɛ
  • stable ɸitixɔ
  • stand up ʃamʌ
  • star kua
  • stare into someone's face/eyes aɣʌβadoɣa
  • starting point gaxa
  • statement okaky
  • status, position zake
  • status, position ɛt
  • stay, remain
  • steadfast, patient diʂbut
  • step forward; offer oneself keʂu
  • step; footprint sop
  • sternum kusu
  • stick eɾʌ
  • stick, adhere møʐʌ (v. intr.)
  • still (ongoing action); even now ʃu
  • still, nevertheless ɪɾa
  • stomach sot
  • stomach, belly sotnʌ
  • stone, rock (as material) tsɛ
  • stop, cease batu (v. intr.)
  • storm tɛnɛpɾɛ
  • story, fable, tale
  • storytelling tɯni
  • strap zʌlɪk
  • straw, hay ʌmatʃɯ
  • stream ɛvɛka
  • stretch out (oneself), stretch out the limbs/body wa
  • string aɣin
  • stringed instrument, similar to violin? tizu
  • stripe kala
  • strong xa
  • strong wind xaɸe
  • structure, system; shape, form; nature, essence ʐoɸat
  • stubborn, hard-headed natʃæk
  • study, devotion, discipline, work naxɛnti
  • stuff, things; crap, crud, shit ʃaʃa (n.)
  • stun, strike, paralyze
daβɛkøgo
  • stupid, idiotic bɛxɯ (vg. s l.)
  • stupid, violent man, barbarian, brute guzun (vg. sl.)
  • style, fashion famɛ
  • subculture, small social subgroup, niche mimot (sl.)
  • suffer, be in pain, feel pain aista
  • sugar iŋo
  • suicidal zanɾɛse
  • suicide zanɾɛ
  • summon, conjure up teɣe (v. tr.)
  • sun ana
  • superfluous, surplus, extra xahyzʌ
  • superior, elite pkyntɪ
  • supple, bendable, flexible lɛpla
  • supply store ʂa
  • support kyŋ (n.)
  • support, encouragement tɪpøta
  • sure, certain; strong et
  • surface of liquid; surface tension hilui
  • surge forward, rush forward lyzai
  • surprise, state of mild shock poŋu (n.)
  • surprised tʌmlai
  • surprised, alarmed; alert; upright alaik
  • surrender, yield, submit iɾɛ
  • survive, endure keŋa
  • survive, endure ɾofɛtɾa
  • suspicion tɪʔiɾa
  • suspicious tɪʔi
  • swallow mæsɪlɪ
  • sweet ɬɪs
  • swing ɬa (v. intr.)
  • sword ɛsɪtai
  • sympathy naiʃɛ
  • syrup from fruit or tree sap tsutla
  • table ʌʃaim
  • taboo, socially unacceptable pakabæn
  • tail pko
  • take in, rescue, give shelter to bɛsulɛ
  • take; have; have taken go
  • talk oka
  • talk about, discuss okane (v. tr.)
  • tall, high iskɛse
  • tan, tawny, beige ʂiu
  • tangle, mass; mess kɛʃnɔt
  • tanned (skin) alumase
  • tapestry mɔias
  • tapeworm gɛɣa
  • task, job, assignment baʃa
  • taste gɪlu (v. tr.)
  • taste buds gɪluja
  • tea (northern variety; so-called ‘sweet tea’) nilus
  • tea (standard variety from the south of Rilin lands) kɛʃ
  • tear; teardrop; drop shape imui
  • technique ætʃoi
  • technology sɛxes
  • tell, say tisʌ
  • temporary, non-permanent zaiβyi
  • ten gam
  • tent, canopy tæʂta
  • tentatively satisfied/accepting inɯga
  • tenth gamnu
  • test, try nɪʐʌna (v. tr.)
  • testicles tavi
  • that taŋ (prn./adj.)
  • the color orange quŋɾa
  • theatre (building) mɔqanai
  • theatre, art of drama mɔqɛs
  • there tan
  • thick (liquid consistency) læza
  • thick (solid material) ɾus
  • thick fog hunʂ
  • thief; liar tsukai
  • thigh tɛma
  • thin
  • think, believe, hold as true based on logical reasoning goma
  • third lɔnu
  • this se (prn./adj.)
  • this many, such a number seʃyt
  • thorn ditym
  • thought (individual idea, instance of thinking); brainchild gomaky
  • thought, idea, concept buin
  • thought, thinking gomaɾa
  • thousand jɛni
  • thread for bookbinding kæs
  • threaten kɾu (v. tr.)
  • three
  • thrive, be well, be content; be safe nijɛ
  • throat kaiŋʌʂ
  • throw, hurl pʂa (v. tr.)
  • thumb jula
  • tickle; amuse, play with; fondle, grope ɬuintɛ
  • tidal wave ɬynʌ
  • tight kʃɛt
  • tilt the head, lean to the side kɔ (v. intr.)
  • time zain
  • timid, shy veɬɛs
  • tin næʐɯŋ
  • tissue paper dɛspyxa
  • to, toward, into (moving toward location) ko
  • toe webym
  • tomorrow mojɛn
  • tongue ɬynʌ
  • tonsil wɛsaʐyla
  • too (much) qʌʂ
  • tooth ɛku
  • topic, subject, material; concentration sokɾa
  • tornado bɪʐaiŋ
  • torso beɬʌn
  • torture gæʂɯ (v. tr.)
  • touch sexually xɛska (vg. sl.)
  • touch, feel niʐi
  • tower namos
  • toy, plaything tuʐei
  • trade keʐa (v. tr.)
  • tragedy æjazanɾɛ
  • train, prepare giʃø
  • tranquility, serenity nɛtɛle
  • transfixed, charmed pɛmyʟɛ
  • transform, change βøtui
  • transitory, fleeting filu
  • traumatized, mentally scarred muɾaɬɛs
  • travel, go on a trip niŋgilɛ
  • treasure vesot
  • tree saman
  • trial, tribulation gelʌma
  • triangle timbɛ
  • trick ænza (v. tr.)
  • triumph ɛɾɪxɯ
  • trouble, problems saɸɛt
  • true, real ɾi
  • trust, confidence in others
  • trusting zøxɔ
  • trustworthy zøse
  • try, attempt mippɔ
  • tufts of hair that grow on the ridge of the ear bɪnsin
  • tunnel psuɾan
  • turkey skin curry bo
  • turn down, reject, refuse naiko
  • turn in, render up, give xaiɾɛ
  • turn, shift lʌɾu (v. intr.)
  • two ki
  • type of berry, usually red, sometimes blue or purple pai
  • type of blue fruit meŋa
  • um, uh aan
  • um, uh se
  • uncomfortable, uneasy duʂtɯ
  • unconscious, knocked out eis (sl.)
  • under zu
  • under dress
  • understand, know, know about naʃy
  • understanding, consensus, agreement, accord; harmony doju
  • unfortunate, unhappy
  • unhappy ɛzɛβɛ
  • unknown, beyond current knowledge begomase
  • unveil bɛfɛma
  • unwell, unhappy ʃuki
  • upper sai
  • upright awu
  • upside-side-down guli
  • use ly (v.)
  • uterus bɛʐula
  • uterus, womb byʂnɯsa
  • uvula βyfilu
  • vagina eɬui
  • valuable nuɾaxɔ
  • value, worth nuɾa
  • vase wɛsala
  • vase for dried flowers pkota
  • veil fɛm (n.)
  • veil fɛma (v. tr)
  • velum, soft palate ʌʃatuɾɛ
  • versatile; ambidextrous kɯzʌ
  • very, really ynu
  • violence against a family member or close friend tɛasi
  • violence; killing; chaos; terror jaxɔ
  • vivacious, lively; vivid, bright (color, etc.) kyilase
  • vivid, bright bɪʃe
  • volume, amplitude of sound buʐo
  • volunteer, be willing ame
  • voracious, ravenous vɛmɾi
  • vote wanaloma
  • voter fraud moiwalomado
  • vow, oath, promise qagain
  • vow, promise, oath nømuʃ
  • waist hilɯzʌ
  • walk joʃʌ
  • wall nɛʂ
  • want, desire noi (v. tr.)
  • war; conflict xø/xøʂ
  • ward, protective barrier nɛʐi
  • warm nɯsa
  • warm light; stained glass; light shone through translucent color kaikʂɯ
  • warmth exuded from light kʂɯ
  • waste away ɸoɾa (v. intr.)
  • watch, guard moni
  • water muɾa
  • water dam muly(la)
  • water well fu
  • wave ɸesɛ (v. intr.)
  • wave of water liuta
  • way, fashion, manner ʃuɣɛt
  • weak puŋ
  • weak, feeble zuk
  • wealthy ikaxɔ
  • weapon kaʐa
  • weather ɸaky
  • weave mɔia
  • weaver mɔiala
  • weaving mɔi
  • weep softly nɪɬu
  • weep, cry moka
  • weight ʃedo
  • weird zøtqa
  • weird, strange tæɾɛ
  • well, sound, sane ho
  • well-off, financially comfortable wyta
  • what ba
  • what? huh? han? ha?
  • wheat ʂoŋ
  • wheel bi
  • when no
  • where nai
  • where ɬø
  • while, as du (conj.)
  • whisper nɛspɛ (n.)
  • whisper nɛspɛa/nɛspɪa (v.)
  • white pfo
  • white fish hæɾa
  • who la
  • why lai
  • wide xuns
  • width xunsdo
  • wild cat muitʃi
  • wildfire kailoi
  • willing, voluntary; desirous, wanting moise
  • win, earn jeɾa
  • windpipe ɸala
  • wine fi
  • wink pʌ (v.)
  • wit, sharpness of mind, charm; ability to communicate neisa
  • with u
  • woman løn
  • woman of high importance uɾænʌ
  • woman’s shoe pɛɾɔ
  • wood di
  • woodworking mydi
  • word buhi
  • work of art peʂtat
  • work, labor, travail gasty
  • worker, labourer pʂake
  • world kalum
  • worry, doubt, stress, angst bæma
  • worship dalaiʃta
  • wrap pa (v.)
  • wrench xomæ (n.)
  • wrist
  • write ɾɛ
  • writing ɾɛɾa
  • writing board myʃ
  • yeah, yes ɯ
  • year byʂøn
  • year mems
  • yell out, shout for maila
  • yell, call for heo
  • yellow mei
  • yes ɯsɯ
  • yes; indeed; that’s true hɛly
  • yesterday ɛnjɛn
  • yet, although βa
  • yoghurt from goat milk ʐɪta
  • young, childlike; innocent, sweet, kind dɛlu
  • young, inexperienced, green; silly, clueless
  • young, youthful iɾusɛ
  • zeal, enthusiasm, fervor ate
  • zenith sixe